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Fossil Fuel Substitution for reduced emission of CO2, mercury, lead, arsenic, cadmium..



Page 9 of 9<<<789
20-09-2022 13:51
SwanProfile picture★★★★★
(2139)
IBdaMann wrote:
Swan wrote:First, what is an ice age?

Hopefully your definition will be unambiguous.

Swan wrote:It's when the Earth has cold temperatures for a long time — millions to tens of millions of years — that lead to ice sheets and glaciers covering large areas of its surface.

So we're in an ice age right now, and the term is meaningless.

Swan wrote:We know that the Earth has had at least five major ice ages.

Nope. By your definition, the earth has been in one insanely long ice age.

Swan wrote:So why isn't the Earth covered in ice right now? It's because we are in a period known as an "interglacial."

Nope. According to your definition, we are still in that one, never-ending ice age.

This is what happens when you render a term meaningless with ambiguity.

Swan wrote:What is it like during the ice age?

I think we can all look outside and see for ourselves

.


You live in a silly putty world where you merely do as you are instructed by the voices in your left toe.

What is an ice age?
An ice age is a long interval of time (millions to tens of millions of years) when global temperatures are relatively cold and large areas of the Earth are covered by continental ice sheets and alpine glaciers. Within an ice age are multiple shorter-term periods of warmer temperatures when glaciers retreat (called interglacials or interglacial cycles) and colder temperatures when glaciers advance (called glacials or glacial cycles).

At least five major ice ages have occurred throughout Earth's history: the earliest was over 2 billion years ago, and the most recent one began approximately 3 million years ago and continues today (yes, we live in an ice age!). Currently, we are in a warm interglacial that began about 11,000 years ago. The last period of glaciation, which is often informally called the "Ice Age," peaked about 20,000 years ago. At that time, the world was on average probably about 10°F (5°C) colder than today, and locally as much as 40°F (22°C) colder.

What causes an ice age and glacial-interglacial cycles?
Many factors contribute to climate variations, including changes in ocean and atmosphere circulation patterns, varying concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide, and even volcanic eruptions. The following discusses key factors in (1) initiating ice ages and (2) the timing of glacial-interglacial cycles.

Four fairly regular glacial-interglacial cycles occurred during the past 450,000 years. The shorter interglacial cycles (10,000 to 30,000 years) were about as warm as present and alternated with much longer (70,000 to 90,000 years) glacial cycles substantially colder than present. Notice the longer time with jagged cooling events dropping into the colder glacials followed by the faster abrupt temperature swings to the warmer interglacials. This graph combines several ice-core records from Antarctica and is modified from several sources including Evidence for Warmer Interglacials in East Antarctic Ice Cores, 2009, L.C. Sime and others. Note the shorter time scale of 450,000 years compared to the previous figure, as well as the colder temperatures, which are latitude-specific (e.g., Antartica, Alaska, Greenland) temperature changes inferred from the Antarctic ice cores (and not global averages).
Four fairly regular glacial-interglacial cycles occurred during the past 450,000 years. The shorter interglacial cycles (10,000 to 30,000 years) were about as warm as present and alternated with much longer (70,000 to 90,000 years) glacial cycles substantially colder than present. Notice the longer time with jagged cooling events dropping into the colder glacials followed by the faster abrupt temperature swings to the warmer interglacials. This graph combines several ice-core records from Antarctica and is modified from several sources including Evidence for Warmer Interglacials in East Antarctic Ice Cores, 2009, L.C. Sime and others. Note the shorter time scale of 450,000 years compared to the previous figure, as well as the colder temperatures, which are latitude-specific (e.g., Antartica, Alaska, Greenland) temperature changes inferred from the Antarctic ice cores (and not global averages).

One significant trigger in initiating ice ages is the changing positions of Earth's ever-moving continents, which affect ocean and atmospheric circulation patterns. When plate-tectonic movement causes continents to be arranged such that warm water flow from the equator to the poles is blocked or reduced, ice sheets may arise and set another ice age in motion. Today's ice age most likely began when the land bridge between North and South America (Isthmus of Panama) formed and ended the exchange of tropical water between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, significantly altering ocean currents.

Glacials and interglacials occur in fairly regular repeated cycles. The timing is governed to a large degree by predictable cyclic changes in Earth's orbit, which affect the amount of sunlight reaching different parts of Earth's surface. The three orbital variations are: (1) changes in Earth's orbit around the Sun (eccentricity), (2) shifts in the tilt of Earth's axis (obliquity), and (3) the wobbling motion of Earth's axis (precession).

How do we know about past ice ages?
Scientists have reconstructed past ice ages by piecing together information derived from studying ice cores, deep sea sediments, fossils, and landforms.

Ice and sediment cores reveal an impressive detailed history of global climate. Cores are collected by driving long hollow tubes as much as 2 miles deep into glacial ice or ocean floor sediments. Ice cores provide annual and even seasonal climate records for up to hundreds of thousands of years, complementing the millions of years of climate records in ocean sediment cores.

Within just the past couple of decades, ice cores recovered from Earth's two existing ice sheets, Greenland and Antarctica, have revealed the most detailed climate records yet.

Do ice ages come and go slowly or rapidly?

Simplified chart showing when the five major ice ages occurred in the past 2.4 billion years of Earth's history. Modified from several sources including Dynamical Paleoclimatology: Generalized Theory of Global Climate Change, 2002, by Barry Saltzman.

Records show that ice ages typically develop slowly, whereas they end more abruptly. Glacials and interglacials within an ice age display this same trend.

On a shorter time scale, global temperatures fluctuate often and rapidly. Various records reveal numerous large, widespread, abrupt climate changes over the past 100,000 years. One of the more recent intriguing findings is the remarkable speed of these changes. Within the incredibly short time span (by geologic standards) of only a few decades or even a few years, global temperatures have fluctuated by as much as 15°F (8°C) or more. For example, as Earth was emerging out of the last glacial cycle, the warming trend was interrupted 12,800 years ago when temperatures dropped dramatically in only several decades. A mere 1,300 years later, temperatures locally spiked as much as 20°F (11°C) within just several years. Sudden changes like this occurred at least 24 times during the past 100,000 years. In a relative sense, we are in a time of unusually stable temperatures today—how long will it last?

All of the above is verified by science, now take your lithium


This place is quieter than the FBI commenting on the chink bank account information on Hunter Xiden's laptop

I LOVE TRUMP BECAUSE HE PISSES OFF ALL THE PEOPLE THAT I CAN'T STAND.

ULTRA MAGA

Now be honest, was I correct or was I correct? LOL
20-09-2022 18:38
IBdaMannProfile picture★★★★★
(12584)
Swan wrote:You live in a silly putty world where you merely do as you are instructed by the voices in your left toe.

I have five left toes and I ignore the voices in three of them.

Swan wrote:An ice age is a long interval of time (millions to tens of millions of years) when global temperatures are relatively cold

There is no such thing as a global temperature.

Regarding your use of the term "relatively cold," I realize I asked you to be unambiguous but you didn't have to get that specific.

Swan wrote: ... and large areas of the Earth are covered by continental ice sheets and alpine glaciers.

That's what earth has had for all of the existence of humanity.

Congratulations. You single-handedly rendered the term "ice age" meaningless.

Swan wrote:All of the above is verified by science

All of the above can only be verified by time travel, now take your lithium.

20-09-2022 19:39
Into the NightProfile picture★★★★★
(19283)
Swan wrote:
IBdaMann wrote:
Swan wrote:First, what is an ice age?

Hopefully your definition will be unambiguous.

Swan wrote:It's when the Earth has cold temperatures for a long time — millions to tens of millions of years — that lead to ice sheets and glaciers covering large areas of its surface.

So we're in an ice age right now, and the term is meaningless.

Swan wrote:We know that the Earth has had at least five major ice ages.

Nope. By your definition, the earth has been in one insanely long ice age.

Swan wrote:So why isn't the Earth covered in ice right now? It's because we are in a period known as an "interglacial."

Nope. According to your definition, we are still in that one, never-ending ice age.

This is what happens when you render a term meaningless with ambiguity.

Swan wrote:What is it like during the ice age?

I think we can all look outside and see for ourselves

.

...deleted repetition...
All of the above is verified by science, now take your lithium

Repetition fallacy (chanting). Copying your post over and over mindlessly is pointless. Argument from randU fallacies. Making up numbers and using them as 'data' is pointless. Circular argument fallacy (fundamentalism). Buzzword fallacies. Base rate fallacies.

Science is not a proof. There are no proofs in science. Science is an open functional system.


The Parrot Killer

Debunked in my sig. - tmiddles

Google keeps track of paranoid talk and i'm not on their list. I've been evaluated and certified. - keepit

nuclear powered ships do not require nuclear fuel. - Swan

While it is true that fossils do not burn it is also true that fossil fuels burn very well - Swan
20-09-2022 22:21
SwanProfile picture★★★★★
(2139)
IBdaMann wrote:
Swan wrote:You live in a silly putty world where you merely do as you are instructed by the voices in your left toe.

I have five left toes and I ignore the voices in three of them.

Swan wrote:An ice age is a long interval of time (millions to tens of millions of years) when global temperatures are relatively cold

There is no such thing as a global temperature.

Regarding your use of the term "relatively cold," I realize I asked you to be unambiguous but you didn't have to get that specific.

Swan wrote: ... and large areas of the Earth are covered by continental ice sheets and alpine glaciers.

That's what earth has had for all of the existence of humanity.

Congratulations. You single-handedly rendered the term "ice age" meaningless.

Swan wrote:All of the above is verified by science

All of the above can only be verified by time travel, now take your lithium.



Says the simpleton who denies the existence of both glaciers and ice ages when they grew


This place is quieter than the FBI commenting on the chink bank account information on Hunter Xiden's laptop

I LOVE TRUMP BECAUSE HE PISSES OFF ALL THE PEOPLE THAT I CAN'T STAND.

ULTRA MAGA

Now be honest, was I correct or was I correct? LOL
20-09-2022 22:43
Into the NightProfile picture★★★★★
(19283)
Swan wrote:
IBdaMann wrote:
Swan wrote:You live in a silly putty world where you merely do as you are instructed by the voices in your left toe.

I have five left toes and I ignore the voices in three of them.

Swan wrote:An ice age is a long interval of time (millions to tens of millions of years) when global temperatures are relatively cold

There is no such thing as a global temperature.

Regarding your use of the term "relatively cold," I realize I asked you to be unambiguous but you didn't have to get that specific.

Swan wrote: ... and large areas of the Earth are covered by continental ice sheets and alpine glaciers.

That's what earth has had for all of the existence of humanity.

Congratulations. You single-handedly rendered the term "ice age" meaningless.

Swan wrote:All of the above is verified by science

All of the above can only be verified by time travel, now take your lithium.



Says the simpleton who denies the existence of both glaciers and ice ages when they grew

Circular argument fallacies (fundamentalism). Repetition fallacies (chanting). No argument presented. Trolling.


The Parrot Killer

Debunked in my sig. - tmiddles

Google keeps track of paranoid talk and i'm not on their list. I've been evaluated and certified. - keepit

nuclear powered ships do not require nuclear fuel. - Swan

While it is true that fossils do not burn it is also true that fossil fuels burn very well - Swan
20-09-2022 23:15
SwanProfile picture★★★★★
(2139)
Into the Night wrote:
Swan wrote:
IBdaMann wrote:
Swan wrote:You live in a silly putty world where you merely do as you are instructed by the voices in your left toe.

I have five left toes and I ignore the voices in three of them.

Swan wrote:An ice age is a long interval of time (millions to tens of millions of years) when global temperatures are relatively cold

There is no such thing as a global temperature.

Regarding your use of the term "relatively cold," I realize I asked you to be unambiguous but you didn't have to get that specific.

Swan wrote: ... and large areas of the Earth are covered by continental ice sheets and alpine glaciers.

That's what earth has had for all of the existence of humanity.

Congratulations. You single-handedly rendered the term "ice age" meaningless.

Swan wrote:All of the above is verified by science

All of the above can only be verified by time travel, now take your lithium.



Says the simpleton who denies the existence of both glaciers and ice ages when they grew

Circular argument fallacies (fundamentalism). Repetition fallacies (chanting). No argument presented. Trolling.


Says the mental 5 year old who has not yet learned to respond.

The fact is if you could respond then you would.

Must be sad being you


This place is quieter than the FBI commenting on the chink bank account information on Hunter Xiden's laptop

I LOVE TRUMP BECAUSE HE PISSES OFF ALL THE PEOPLE THAT I CAN'T STAND.

ULTRA MAGA

Now be honest, was I correct or was I correct? LOL
20-09-2022 23:24
Into the NightProfile picture★★★★★
(19283)
Swan wrote:
Into the Night wrote:
Swan wrote:
IBdaMann wrote:
Swan wrote:You live in a silly putty world where you merely do as you are instructed by the voices in your left toe.

I have five left toes and I ignore the voices in three of them.

Swan wrote:An ice age is a long interval of time (millions to tens of millions of years) when global temperatures are relatively cold

There is no such thing as a global temperature.

Regarding your use of the term "relatively cold," I realize I asked you to be unambiguous but you didn't have to get that specific.

Swan wrote: ... and large areas of the Earth are covered by continental ice sheets and alpine glaciers.

That's what earth has had for all of the existence of humanity.

Congratulations. You single-handedly rendered the term "ice age" meaningless.

Swan wrote:All of the above is verified by science

All of the above can only be verified by time travel, now take your lithium.



Says the simpleton who denies the existence of both glaciers and ice ages when they grew

Circular argument fallacies (fundamentalism). Repetition fallacies (chanting). No argument presented. Trolling.


Says the mental 5 year old who has not yet learned to respond.

The fact is if you could respond then you would.

Must be sad being you

Insult fallacies. No argument presented. Trolling.


The Parrot Killer

Debunked in my sig. - tmiddles

Google keeps track of paranoid talk and i'm not on their list. I've been evaluated and certified. - keepit

nuclear powered ships do not require nuclear fuel. - Swan

While it is true that fossils do not burn it is also true that fossil fuels burn very well - Swan
21-09-2022 00:03
SwanProfile picture★★★★★
(2139)
Into the Night wrote:
Swan wrote:
Into the Night wrote:
Swan wrote:
IBdaMann wrote:
Swan wrote:You live in a silly putty world where you merely do as you are instructed by the voices in your left toe.

I have five left toes and I ignore the voices in three of them.

Swan wrote:An ice age is a long interval of time (millions to tens of millions of years) when global temperatures are relatively cold

There is no such thing as a global temperature.

Regarding your use of the term "relatively cold," I realize I asked you to be unambiguous but you didn't have to get that specific.

Swan wrote: ... and large areas of the Earth are covered by continental ice sheets and alpine glaciers.

That's what earth has had for all of the existence of humanity.

Congratulations. You single-handedly rendered the term "ice age" meaningless.

Swan wrote:All of the above is verified by science

All of the above can only be verified by time travel, now take your lithium.



Says the simpleton who denies the existence of both glaciers and ice ages when they grew

Circular argument fallacies (fundamentalism). Repetition fallacies (chanting). No argument presented. Trolling.


Says the mental 5 year old who has not yet learned to respond.

The fact is if you could respond then you would.

Must be sad being you

Insult fallacies. No argument presented. Trolling.


You should be insulted at your own inability to respond to any situation, other than Miller Time that is.

Silly


This place is quieter than the FBI commenting on the chink bank account information on Hunter Xiden's laptop

I LOVE TRUMP BECAUSE HE PISSES OFF ALL THE PEOPLE THAT I CAN'T STAND.

ULTRA MAGA

Now be honest, was I correct or was I correct? LOL
23-09-2022 04:57
IBdaMannProfile picture★★★★★
(12584)
Swan wrote:You should be insulted at your own inability to respond to any situation, other than Miller Time that is.

You were going to explain how you verified the ice age. Now would be a great time.

.
Attached image:

23-09-2022 20:57
Into the NightProfile picture★★★★★
(19283)
Swan wrote:
Into the Night wrote:
Swan wrote:
Into the Night wrote:
Swan wrote:
IBdaMann wrote:
Swan wrote:You live in a silly putty world where you merely do as you are instructed by the voices in your left toe.

I have five left toes and I ignore the voices in three of them.

Swan wrote:An ice age is a long interval of time (millions to tens of millions of years) when global temperatures are relatively cold

There is no such thing as a global temperature.

Regarding your use of the term "relatively cold," I realize I asked you to be unambiguous but you didn't have to get that specific.

Swan wrote: ... and large areas of the Earth are covered by continental ice sheets and alpine glaciers.

That's what earth has had for all of the existence of humanity.

Congratulations. You single-handedly rendered the term "ice age" meaningless.

Swan wrote:All of the above is verified by science

All of the above can only be verified by time travel, now take your lithium.



Says the simpleton who denies the existence of both glaciers and ice ages when they grew

Circular argument fallacies (fundamentalism). Repetition fallacies (chanting). No argument presented. Trolling.


Says the mental 5 year old who has not yet learned to respond.

The fact is if you could respond then you would.

Must be sad being you

Insult fallacies. No argument presented. Trolling.


You should be insulted at your own inability to respond to any situation, other than Miller Time that is.

Silly

I don't drink alcohol, dumbass.
Insult fallacies. No argument presented. Trolling.


The Parrot Killer

Debunked in my sig. - tmiddles

Google keeps track of paranoid talk and i'm not on their list. I've been evaluated and certified. - keepit

nuclear powered ships do not require nuclear fuel. - Swan

While it is true that fossils do not burn it is also true that fossil fuels burn very well - Swan
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